Public Distribution System

 

     Tamil Nadu Government is implementing  Universal Public Distribution System (UPDS) and no exclusion is made based on the income criteria. The Hon'ble Chief Minister has made the universal public distribution system 'poor friendly' by ordering rice at free of cost under public distribution system to all eligible card holders from 01.06.2011

 

      Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation procures rice and other essential commodities required for public distribution system from Food Corporation of India and through tenders. Distribution of commodities through fair price shops is being carried out by Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation and the Cooperative societes.

 

  • FAIR PRICE SHOPS:

 

      The Public Distribution System is implemented through 33,222 fair price shops  functioning  under the various agencies are as follows:-

 

Sl.

No

Agency

Full-Time

Part-Time

Total

1

Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation

1,269

125

1,394

2

Cooperatives (Under R.C.S)

23,109

7,967

31,076

3

Other Co-operatives

124

18

142

4

Women fair price shops ,including Self Help Groups

533

 

63

596

5

Mobile fair price shops run by Cooperatives

14

0

14

  TOTAL

25,049

8,173

33,222

 

 

         Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation lifts essential commodities from Food Corporation of India and stores them in 226 operational godowns located all over the state. From the Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation operational godowns, stocks are moved by lead Cooperative Societies / self lifting societies  and delivered at the doorsteps of fair price shops. Similarly, Sugar is moved by Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation from the respective Cooperative / Private Sugar Mills and distributed through its operational godowns. Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation also procures various other essential commodities for Special Public Distribution System directly from the market through tenders and also through designated Government of India agencies. Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation and Cooperatives lift kerosene from wholesale dealers of the oil companies    

 

 

                                   The details of family cards in circulation  in Tamil Nadu are as follows:

 

Sl.

No.

Type of Card

Commodities entitiled

No. of Cards

1. Rice Cards

All Commodities

1,67,21,538

2. Antoydaya Anna Yojana Cards

All Commodities

18,62,615

Total Rice Cards

1,85,84,153

3. Sugar Cards

All Commodities except rice

10,76,552

4. Police Cards All Commodities 61,061
5. No Commodity Cards No Commodity 60,827

  TOTAL

1,97,82,593

 

 

    Issue of family cards to eligible families is a continuous process and this Government have issued necessary instructions to the Principal Commissioner and Commissioner of Civil Supplies and Consumer Protection to issue cards without delay. At the same time, bogus cards are also being eliminated.

  

     Application form for applying new family card has been prescribed by Government and can be downloaded from Civil Supplies Department website www.consumer.tn.gov.in

 

 

 

  • RICE

 

     Rice is being distributed to the family card holders who have exercised option for rice and to the Antyodaya Anna Yojana Card holders. Rice is supplied free of cost with effect from 01.06.2011

 

     The Present Monthly Allotment of Rice and Issue Price for the rice allotted from the Central pool through Food Corporation of India are as under

 

Category

AAY

BPL

APL

Monthly allotment (MT)

65,262

1,04,936

1,26,255

Issue Price of FCI (per Kg)

Rs. 3.00

Rs. 5.65

Rs.8.30

 

 

  • SUGAR

 

    Government of India allots levy sugar on monthly basis specifying quantities to be released by  each sugar mill from Tamil Nadu and Pondichery. The allotment thus received is sub-allocated to various districts. Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation is lifting sugar from the designated sugar mills for distribution under public distribution system. The average monthly allotment of levy sugar at levy rates by Government of India is  10,833.50 MTs. Since the allotment of levy sugar received  Government of India is insufficient to meet the requirement of card holders, the Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation is purchasing non levy sugar from open market. The average supply of sugar to card holders is 35,133 metric tonnes per month. The quantity of sugar sold to card holders is on the increase as the card holders prefer to buy sugar under public distribution system in view of the high price ruling in the open market. The difference in the cost towards the open market price and the issue price of public distribution system is met by the Government from food subsidy. The subsidy provided by Government of Tamil Nadu for non-levy sugar stand at Rs. 538.00 crore.

 

  • WHEAT

 

    The Government of India has allocated 13,783 metric tonnes of wheat per month to Tamil Nadu under targeted Public distribution  system for the period from April 2012 to March 2013. The wheat is meant for supply to the eligible persons under Antyodaya Anna Yojana / Below Poverty Line. The Government of India have also released special adho additional allocation of 34,890 metric tonnes of wheat to Tamil Nadu for Above Poverty line families under targeted Public distribution system  at a cost of Rs. 8.45 per Kg. The supply level of wheat is 10 kg. per card per month for District Headquarters and 5 Kg. per card per month for other places.                                                              

                                                                                                                                                                                      

 

  • KEROSENE

 

       The monthly allotment of kerosene to Tamil Nadu by Government of India which stood at 52,806 kilo litre in April 2011 has been brought down by Government of India to 39,429 kilo litre in April    2012.  Eventhough,  the  reduced  quantity amounts to 60.53% of the State’s requirment of 65,140 kilo litre of kerosene, the Government is taking necessary measures for equitable distribution of kerosene to cardholders.   Tokens are issued to the cardholders who did not get kerosene at the public distribution  system shops.  Such  of those persons to whom tokens have been issued, are supplied kerosene on priority during the subsequent month.   The action taken by the Government to speed up the stamping of LPG connection details in family cards has helped in saving a quantity of 1,560 kilo litre of kerosene and this is redistributed to eligible card holders.

 

     Kerosene  is  being  supplied  under public distribution system only to cardholders who do not have LPG connections and cardholders with one cylinder LPG connection. The scale of supply of kerosene        ranges        from        3        litres        to 15  litres  per  month  to  no  LPG  card  holders depending upon their area of residence. In respect of   cardholders   with   one   LPG   connection, irrespective of area of their residence, 3 litres of kerosene. per month is being supplied. The retail selling price of kerosene to cardholders ranges from Rs. 13.60 to 14.20 per litre depending upon the distance from the terminal.

 

   

  • INSTALLATION OF  KEROSENE BUNKS:

 

        To  streamline distribution of Kerosene, retail bunks for kerosene have been established.    A  kerosene  bunk  normally  serves 5,000 to 15,000 family cards.  Distribution through  kerosene bunks ensures assured availability of the stock  throughout  the  month,  besides  ensuring supply  to  cardholders  in  correct  measure.    At present there are 312 kerosene bunks, of which 269 function under co-operatives and 43 under Tamil Nadu Civil Supplies Corporation. All the kerosenebunks are provided with hand held billing machines

 

  • ANTYODAYA ANNA YOJANA SCHEME (AAY)

 

        Antyodaya  Anna  Yojana  Scheme (AAY) is being implemented in our State.   Even though, there is no classification under this scheme,the poorest of poor are targeted for the issue of Antyodaya Anna Yojana cards. This has now been expanded by the Government of India based on the directions  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  India.  The Antyodaya Anna Yojana family cards are eligible for 35 kgs. of rice per month and rice is distributed free of cost to these family Cardholders only in this State, despite the fact that the Government of India has stipulated cost at Rs.3 per kg. for this scheme.

 

        The following categories of persons / families have been targeted under this scheme:

  Widows,  terminally  ill   persons,  disabled persons, persons aged 60 years  and above

with no family or societal support or assured means of subsistence.

  All primitive tribal households.

  HIV  positive  /  affected,  leprosy  affected persons, urban homeless.

   

 

 

  • SCALE OF SUPPLY OF COMMODITIES

 

        Under Public Distribution system, rice is distibuted free of cost. Wheat, Sugar and Kerosene are being distributed at subsidised prices.

 

Sl.

No.

Name of the commodity

Price per kg

Scale of supply

 

1

Rice Free of Cost (as per Hon'ble Chief Minister's Announcement) ( w.e.f 01.06.2011) 4 Kgs per adult and 2 kgs per child  per month subject to a minimum of 12 Kgs and maximum of 20 kgs per month per card except Nilgiris District. In Nilgiris District minimum of 16 kgs and maximum of 24 kgs per card Under AAY 35 Kg. per month

2

Sugar Rs.13.50 per Kg. 500 gms per head per month subject to a maximum of 2 kgs. per month. Additional 3 kgs. are supplied to sugar option card holders in lieu of rice

3

Wheat Rs.7.50 10 kgs per card per month in Chennai city and District headquarters and 5 kg card per month in other areas

4

Kerosene Rs.13.60 to
Rs.14.20 per litre
Ranges from 3-15 litres per card depending on the location

 

 

 

 

  • SPECIAL PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

 

        Under   special   public   distribution system, toor dhall, urid dhall and fortified palmolein oil are being distributed at subsidised price. The details  of  issue  price  and  subsidy  for  the commodities  under  special  public  distribution system are as under

 

   

Sl

nO.

Commodity Scale of

Supply (per

card per month)

Price

(Rs.)

State

Government

Subsidy per year

(Rs. in crore)

1. Toor dhall 1 Kg. 30 314.04
2. Urid Dhall 1  Kg. 30 251.81
3. Fortified

palmolein oil

1  litre 25 449.20

 

 

 

  • MECHANISM TO CONTROL LEAKAGES

 

    Efforts are made to monitor the movement of stocks from Food Corporation of India depots to TNCSC Ltd taluk operational godowns and then to PDS outlets. Route charts are followed for movement from Taluk godowns and shops which are being intercepted and inspected by various teams.

 

General inspections and monitoring of Public Distribution System is carried out by following agencies:

•  District Collectors

•  Civil Supplies Department

•  Co-operatives/TNCSC Ltd. Officials in their respective shops.

Inspections are carried at godowns, shops and also enroute movements.

 

    The system of universal Public Distribution System followed in Tamil Nadu with its effective and diligent mechanism of implementation has contributed to a great extent in stabilising the food grain price even during the drought years.